Vision Conditions

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic RetinopathyDiabetic retinopathy is a serious sight-threatening complication of diabetes which causes progressive damage to the retina, the light sensitive lining at the back of the eye.

Diabetes is a disease that interferes with the body's ability to use and store sugar. Too much sugar in the blood can cause damage throughout the body, including the eyes. The longer a person has diabetes, the more likely he or she will be to develop diabetic retinopathy. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness.

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include seeing spots or floaters in your field of vision, blurred vision, having a dark or empty spot in the center of your vision, difficulty seeing well at night. Often there are no visual symptoms of diabetic retinopathy in the early stages. That is why everyone with diabetes should have a comprehensive dilated eye examination once a year. If you are a diabetic, you can help prevent or slow the development of diabetic retinopathy by taking your prescribed medication, sticking to your diet, exercising regularly, controlling high blood pressure, and avoiding alcohol and smoking.